[VIDEO] Mind-wandering, meta-cognition, and the function of consciousness

Hey everyone! I recently did an interview for Neuro.TV covering some of my past and current research on mind-wandering, meta-cognition, and conscious awareness. The discussion is very long and covers quite a diversity of topics, so I thought i’d give a little overview here with links to specific times.

For the first 15 minutes, we focus on general research in meta-cognition, and topics like the functional and evolutionary signifigance of metacognition:

We then begin to move onto specific discussion about mind-wandering, around 16:00:

I like our discussion as we quickly get beyond the overly simplistic idea of ‘mind-wandering’ as just attentional failure, reviewing the many ways in which it can drive or support meta-cognitive awareness. We also of course briefly discuss the ‘default mode network’ and the (misleading) idea that there are ‘task positive’ and ‘task negative’ networks in the brain, around 19:00:

Lots of interesting discussion there, in which I try to roughly synthesize some of the overlap and ambiguity between mind-wandering, meta-cognition, and their neural correlates.

Around 36:00 we start discussing my experiment on mind-wandering variability and error awareness:

A great experience in all, and hopefully an interesting video for some! Be sure to support the kickstarter for the next season of Neuro.TV!

JF also has a detailed annotation on the brainfacts blog for the episode:

“0:07″ Introduction
“0:50″ What is cognition?
“4:45″ Metacognition and its relation to confidence.
“10:49″ What is the difference between cognition and metacognition?
“14:07″ Confidence in our memories; does it qualify as metacognition?
“18:34″ Technical challenges in studying mind-wandering scientifically and related brain areas.
“25:00″ Overlap between the brain regions involved in social interactions and those known as the default-mode network.
“29:17″ Why does cognition evolve?
“35:51″ Task-unrelated thoughts and errors in performance.
“50:53″ Tricks to focus on tasks while allowing some amount of mind-wandering.

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